A.The Hadeeth clearly mentions that Jumu'ah has been made Fardh upon the Ummah. From the time of Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and throughout the centuries the Ummah performed Jumu'ah on a Friday during the time of Thuhr without performing Thuhr. Obviously, the practice of the Sahaabah and those after them has been derived from the practice of the Nabi (Sallallaahu Alayhi wa Sallam).
Sayyidina Abu Sa'eed Khudri (Radhiyallaahu Anhu) narrates that once Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi wa Sallam) delivered a Khutbah wherein he said: Verily Allah has made Jumu'ah compulsory (Fardh) upon you in this place of mine, in this moment, on this day, in this month, in this year, till the day of Qiyaamah. The Hadeeth further says that Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi wa Sallam) cursed the person who neglects Jumu'ah without a valid reason. He said that may that person's affairs not become right and may he not be given Barakah (blessings) in his matters. His Salaah, Haj, good deeds and Sadaqah will not be accepted until he makes Taubah for neglecting Jumu'ah. (Al Mu'jamul Awsat V7 P192, Badaai'us Sanaai' V1 P256)
Moulana Yusuf Laher
Checked and approved by: Mufti Siraj Desai