Q: What’s the punishment of a women/girl not wearing a scarf?
A. It appears in a hadith narrated by Hazrat Ayesha (radhiyallahu anha) that Rasoolullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said:
Any woman who removes her scarf or shawl outside her home, has violated the barrier of sanctity between her and Her Lord (Reported by Imam Bayhaqi)
Once the barrier of sanctity is removed, it means such a woman is no longer safe from Allah’s punishment.
Hazrat Ayesha, the narrator of this hadith, used to evict women from her home if they came to her with transparent scarves or shawls through which the hair could be seen.
Another hadith states that on the Day of Judgment those women will be in great pain who were dressed yet naked in this world. This means they wore transparent garments. Imagine then what the position will be of women who wore no covering at all. For them will be greater hardship on the day of Judgement.
In one hadith it is stated that Allah has cursed the looker and the one who is looked at. The one who is looked at is the woman who exposes her body in public for people to see and admire. From this we learn that the woman who walks out bareheaded is cursed by Allah.
Ulema have mentioned that a woman who goes out bareheaded is prone to the effects and possession of Jinn.
And Allah knows best
Mufti Siraj Desai